Cancer Treatment

What is Cancer Treatment

Cancer Service Cancer care includes a variety of treatments, systematic treatments, surgery, and clinical trials. Common treatments for cancer are surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Less frequently, hormone therapies, biological therapies, and targeted therapies are used. These treatment methods are applied alone or together. The first treatment is generally known as first line treatment. Treatment given after first-line therapy is called adjuvant therapy. Chemotherapy applied after surgical treatment is an adjuvant treatment. Neoadjuvant therapy is the treatment applied before the first step treatment.

For example, hormonotherapy applied before surgical treatment is neoadjuvant therapy. Many experimental treatment methods are tested in clinical studies. Cancer treatment is increasingly requiring special expertise, treatment is usually carried out by a team led by a medical oncologist. Before starting treatment, you will want to know the goals of the treatment, how long it will take and potential side effects. An important point in cancer treatment is that patients and their relatives feel comfortable about their doctors and the treatment they recommend. Sometimes you may want to get a second opinion about your treatment.

What is cancer?
Cancer is not a single disease, but many diseases, each with its own characteristics, signs, symptoms, and treatment. The term cancer refers to the uncontrolled rapid division of cells due to an imbalance in the division mechanisms that lead to tumor formation.
In what category of people does cancer arise?

Cancer can occur at any age, in any patient, and under any circumstances, but the risk of developing cancer increases significantly with age.

What are the factors that increase susceptibility to cancer?
Various factors increase the susceptibility to cancer and vary from one person to another and from one type of cancer to another, for example, exposure to sunlight increases the likelihood of skin cancer, but does not cause lung cancer, for example.

It's also worth noting that having risk factors for developing a particular type of cancer doesn't mean you will develop that cancer, as there are many other factors involved in malignant transformation of cells, some of which are not fully understood.
The most common factors that increase susceptibility to cancer

Among the most common factors that can play a role in the development of any type of cancer:

  • To smoke
  • Poor diet.
  • Alcohol abuse.
  • Exposure to sunlight.
  • Some germs and viruses.
  • Certain materials such as asbestos.
  • Treatment Regulations.
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Sensitive genomics
  • Radiation oncology
  • Surgical oncology

We care for cancer patients for each of the following tumors:

  • Head and neck tumors.
  • Brain, spinal cord and spine tumors.
  • Lung and respiratory system tumors.
  • Breast tumors.
  • Gastrointestinal tumors, pancreatic cancer and liver cancer.
  • Reproductive and urinary system tumors.
  • Gynecological tumors such as cervical cancer, endometrial cancer.
  • Blood tumors such as leukemia and lymphoma.
  • Skin and melanoma tumors.
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