Metabolic Surgery - Diabetic Treatment

Metabolic Surgery - Diabetic Treatment - Diabetes

Metabolic surgery for diabetes is considered an option for the treatment of diabetes, with high cure rates of up to 92% with a full drug delivery.

Metabolic surgery for diabetes

Since glucose is the main source of energy and glucose enters these cells with the help of a hormone called insulin, the cells of the human body need glucose to function normally.

In case of insufficient amount of insulin or problems occur in cells that respond correctly to insulin, the process of entering sugar from the blood into the cells stops and thus the sugar accumulates in the expressed blood. high blood sugar level, and this usually happens in patients with diabetes.

Types of diabetes

  • Type one: the problem is that the body cannot produce enough insulin or insulin is not produced at all.
  • Second type: the problem is caused by the absence of one or both of the following two factors:

The body's response to insulin.
Adequate insulin production by the pancreas.

What are the causes of type II diabetes?

The poor response of cells and tissues to insulin causes high blood sugar due to the difficulty of sugar entering cells.

In cases of high blood sugar, the pancreas responds and produces more insulin, which contributes to the entry of excess sugar into the cells.

In type 2 diabetes and due to chronic high blood sugar levels, the pancreas produces large amounts of insulin, but the cells do not respond to it properly and lose the ability to produce insulin, causing the pancreas to fatigue. In the long term, converting type 2 diabetes to a type 1-like state forces the patient to use insulin as a necessary treatment.

It is worth noting that there are several reasons for the poor response to insulin, the most common being:

Obesity:

It is where subcutaneous fat cells secrete hormones that reduce the response to the insulin of the rest of the cells.

Atrophy of the last part of the intestine:

This part secretes hormones to improve the cells' response to insulin, and the reason for this atrophy is the unhealthy modern diet and the spread of chemically processed foods as they are digested in the first part. Undigested food in the intestine does not reach the last part in the long term, but causes intestinal atrophy and less secretion of these substances that improve cell response to insulin.


What is metabolic surgery for diabetes?

Metabolic surgery to treat diabetes consists of two main parts:

The surgeon cuts a part of the stomach, reducing the amount of food you can eat without feeling full, causing weight loss in record time, so the body gets rid of the substances produced from the accumulated fat tissue, which is also reduced. the body's response to insulin.

A connection is made from the stomach to the atrophied end of the gut, which leads to larger amounts of undigested food, resulting in the stimulation and regression of atrophy, the body's response to insulin again.
Thus, metabolic surgery for diabetes also solves diabetes and obesity problems.

When is surgical operation for diabetes used?

Metabolic surgery to treat diabetes is an option only to treat type 2 diabetes and with the following conditions:

Body mass index (BMI) over 40 kg / m2.
If it is not possible to treat diabetes with a healthy lifestyle or sugar-lowering medical treatments, the body mass index is more than 35 kg / m2.
Recently, doctors and specialists recommend that type 2 diabetes patients with a body mass index of 30-35 kg / square meter be operated, especially if the sugar level cannot be controlled with the ideal treatment of sugar-lowering drugs in the presence of obesity. complications.

Who is the surgeon who will do the surgery for you?

Metabolic Surgery is performed by Professors who are experienced surgeons in the field of metabolic and bariatric surgery.

How many patients were surgically treated and what were the results?

This type of operation was performed with a 92% success rate for more than 3000 people from different nations of the world, with full control of the blood sugar level, without resorting to the use of insulin or any other medication.

Did these patients completely dispose of the medication after the surgery?

This procedure improves the tissue response to insulin, which translates into increased control of blood sugar levels.
If the conditions necessary for the success of the operation are met, the procedure causes total remission in 92% of cases, which means normal blood sugar levels without the need for diabetic medications.

Are there any side effects of this procedure?

Some complications, such as stagnation in the gallbladder content, that may cause gallstones may occur, and this is 12%, and the incidence can be reduced to 5% with some preventive treatments. If the surgeon notices any signs of swelling, adhesions, and / or inflammation, the gallbladder is removed.

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